A collection of files from the India Office Records at the British Library on Botany in India 1780-1860.

More than 100 files cover: Botanical gardens (Calcutta, Bangalore, Saharanpur, Dapuri, Ootacamund, Madras, Samulcotta, Darjeeling); Botanical collecting; Economic plants (cotton, spices, tea, coffee, indigo, cassava); Medicinal plants (cinchona, senna, rhubarb).

The files show the pioneering work of the East India Company’s surgeon-botanists. Highly determined surgeon-naturalists were at the centre of this intense and pioneering activity. These include Robert Kyd, William Roxburgh, William Griffith and Robert Wight.

Image derived from: http://www.bl.uk/manuscripts/Viewer.aspx?ref=ior!f!4!2535!147062_f001r

  • Item Type


  • Spatial Coverage

    Western Europe, Asia

  • Time Coverage

    18th Century, 19th Century